Objective: Pulmonary hypoplasia is a major cause of death in lethal skeletal dysplasias. We hypothesize that in fetuses with prenatally diagnosed skeletal dysplasia, comparison of observed-to-expected (O/E) lung volume will help predict lethality.
Study design: We conducted a retrospective chart review of patients referred for evaluation of suspected fetal skeletal anomalies. Twenty-three pregnancies were identified with confirmed fetal diagnosis of skeletal dysplasia for which fetal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was performed between 21 and 38 weeks of gestation and ultrasound biometry data were available. Femur length to abdominal circumference ratio (FL/AC) and O/E lung volumes were calculated. The association between O/E lung volume, FL/AC, and lethality was measured using logistic regression.
Results: Lethality was significantly associated with O/E lung volume (p = 0.002) and FL/AC (p = 0.0476). Analysis with receiver-operating characteristic curves suggested that O/E lung volume of 47.9% or FL/AC of 0.124 could be useful clinical cutoffs in the prediction of lethality.
Conclusion: In fetuses with skeletal dysplasia, fetal MRI-derived O/E lung volume was predictive of lethality. When evaluating a fetal skeletal dysplasia, fetal MRI may be considered in cases for which ultrasound-based lethality prediction is ambiguous or uncertain in order to provide families with the most complete and accurate information.
© 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.