Purpose: The FIRIS study previously demonstrated non-inferiority of IRIS (irinotecan plus S-1) to FOLFIRI (5-fluorouracil/leucovorin with irinotecan) for progression-free survival as the second-line chemotherapy for metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) as the primary endpoint. The overall survival (OS) data were immature at the time of the primary analysis.
Methods: Between 30 January 2006 and 29 January 2008, 426 patients with mCRC who failed in first-line chemotherapy were randomly assigned to receive either FOLFIRI or IRIS. After the primary analysis, the follow-up survey was cut off on 29 July 2010, and the final OS data were analysed.
Results: With a median follow-up of 39.2 months, the median OS was 17.4 months in the FOLFIRI group and 17.8 months in the IRIS group [hazard ratio (HR) 0.900; 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.728-1.112]. In the pre-planned subgroup of patients who received prior chemotherapy containing oxaliplatin, the median OS was 12.7 months in the FOLFIRI group and 15.3 months in the IRIS group (HR 0.755; 95% CI 0.580-0.983).
Conclusions: IRIS is non-inferior to FOLFIRI for OS as second-line chemotherapy for mCRC. IRIS can be an option for second-line chemotherapy of mCRC. (ClinicalTrials.gov Number: NCT00284258).