Fatty acid profiles of commercially available finfish fillets in the United States

Lipids. 2014 Oct;49(10):1005-18. doi: 10.1007/s11745-014-3932-5. Epub 2014 Aug 10.


Fillets of 76 finfish species (293 composites of three fish) were obtained from commercial seafood vendors in six regions of the United States (i.e., Great Lakes, Mid-Atlantic, New England, Northwest, Southeast, and Southwest). Full fatty acid profiles were determined for each species and are presented here. Eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) have been associated with many health benefits. Thus, fillets of each species were compared for total EPA plus DHA content, which ranged from 17 mg/100 g (pangasius/swai) to 2430 mg/100 g (Chilean sea bass). Of the top ten most popularly consumed seafoods in the US, finfish, including salmon species (717-1533 mg/100 g), Alaskan pollock (236 mg/100 g), tilapia (76 mg/100 g), channel catfish (44 mg/100 g), Atlantic cod (253 mg/100 g), and pangasius/swai (17 mg/100 g), exhibited a wide concentration range of EPA plus DHA. Large variances were found within many of the farmed species analyzed, which likely stems from dietary differences in the farm-fed diet. The results of this study provide current information on a broad range of species and will help nutritionists and the public make informed decisions regarding seafood consumption.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animal Feed
  • Animals
  • Animals, Wild / metabolism
  • Docosahexaenoic Acids / analysis
  • Eicosapentaenoic Acid / analysis
  • Fatty Acids / analysis*
  • Fisheries
  • Fishes / metabolism*
  • Humans
  • Seafood / analysis*
  • Species Specificity
  • United States


  • Fatty Acids
  • Docosahexaenoic Acids
  • Eicosapentaenoic Acid