Myeloid antigen-presenting cells (APCs) tailor immune responses to the pathogen involved through the production of specific pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines. It is becoming increasingly clear that the ultimate cytokine profile produced by myeloid APCs crucially depends on interaction between multiple pathogen recognizing receptors. In this respect, we recently identified an important role for cross-talk between Fc gamma receptor IIa (FcγRIIa) and Toll-like receptors (TLRs) in human dendritic cells (DCs), which induces anti-bacterial immunity through the selective induction of TNFα and Th17-promoting cytokines. Here, we show that FcγRIIa-TLR cross-talk is not restricted to DCs, but is a common feature of various human myeloid APC subsets including monocytes and macrophages. Interestingly, FcγRIIa-TLR cross-talk in monocytes resulted in the induction of a cytokine profile distinct from that in DCs and macrophages, indicating that FcγRIIa stimulation induces cell-type and tissue specific responses. Surprisingly, we show that the FCGR2A H131R single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP), which is known to greatly affect FcγRIIa-mediated uptake of IgG2-opsonized bacteria, did not affect FcγRIIa-dependent cytokine production, indicating that these processes are differently regulated. In addition, we demonstrate that FcγRIIa selectively synergized with TLRs, IL-1R, and IFNγR, but did not affect cytokine production induced by other receptors such as C-type lectin receptor Dectin-1. Taken together, these data demonstrate that FcγRIIa-dependent modulation of cytokine production is more widespread than previously considered, and indicate that cross-talk of FcγRIIa with various receptors and in multiple cell types contributes to the induction of pathogen and tissue-specific immunity.
Keywords: Anti-bacterial immunity; Dendritic cell; Fc gamma receptor; Macrophage; Monocyte; TNFα; Toll-like receptor.
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