Platelet-rich plasma affects bacterial growth in vitro

Cytotherapy. 2014 Sep;16(9):1294-304. doi: 10.1016/j.jcyt.2014.06.003.

Abstract

Background aims: Platelet-rich plasma (PRP), a blood derivative rich in platelets, is a relatively new technique used in tissue regeneration and engineering. The increased quantity of platelets makes this formulation of considerable value for their role in tissue healing and microbicidal activity. This activity was investigated against five of the most important strains involved in nosocomial infections (Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus aureus, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Klebsiella pneumoniae and Streptococcus faecalis) to understand the prophylactic role of pure (P)-PRP. Microbicidal proteins released from activated P-PRP platelets were also determined.

Methods: The microbicidal activity of P-PRP and platelet-poor plasma (PPP) was evaluated on different concentrations of the five bacterial strains incubated for 1, 2, 4 and 18 h and plated on agar for 18-24 h. P-PRP and PPP-released microbicidal proteins were evaluated by means of multiplex bead-based immunoassays.

Results: P-PRP and PPP inhibited bacterial growth for up to 2 h of incubation. The effect of P-PRP was significantly higher than that of PPP, mainly at the low seeding concentrations and/or shorter incubation times, depending on the bacterial strain. Chemokine (C-C motif) ligand-3, chemokine (C-C motif) ligand-5 and chemokine (C-X-C motif) ligand-1 were the molecules mostly related to Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Staphylococcus aureus and Streptococcus faecalis inhibition. Escherichia coli and Klebsiella pneumoniae were less influenced.

Conclusions: The present results show that P-PRP might supply an early protection against bacterial contaminations during surgical interventions because the inhibitory activity is already evident from the first hour of treatment, which suggests that physiological molecules supplied in loco might be important in the time frame needed for the activation of the innate immune response.

Keywords: bacterial growth; kinocidins; microbicidal activity; microbicidal proteins; nosocomial infections; platelet-rich plasma.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Anti-Infective Agents, Local / metabolism*
  • Bacteria / drug effects*
  • Bacteria / growth & development
  • Bacterial Infections / etiology
  • Bacterial Infections / prevention & control*
  • Cell Growth Processes / drug effects
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Chemokines / metabolism
  • Guided Tissue Regeneration
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Platelet-Rich Plasma / metabolism*
  • Platelet-Rich Plasma / microbiology
  • Surgical Procedures, Operative*
  • Surgical Wound Infection / etiology
  • Surgical Wound Infection / prevention & control*
  • Tissue Engineering

Substances

  • Anti-Infective Agents, Local
  • Chemokines