Dietary fructose reduction improves markers of cardiovascular disease risk in Hispanic-American adolescents with NAFLD

Nutrients. 2014 Aug 8;6(8):3187-201. doi: 10.3390/nu6083187.

Abstract

Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is now thought to be the most common liver disease worldwide. Cardiovascular complications are a leading cause of mortality in NAFLD. Fructose, a common nutrient in the westernized diet, has been reported to be associated with increased cardiovascular risk, but its impact on adolescents with NAFLD is not well understood. We designed a 4-week randomized, controlled, double-blinded beverage intervention study. Twenty-four overweight Hispanic-American adolescents who had hepatic fat >8% on imaging and who were regular consumers of sweet beverages were enrolled and randomized to calorie-matched study-provided fructose only or glucose only beverages. After 4 weeks, there was no significant change in hepatic fat or body weight in either group. In the glucose beverage group there was significantly improved adipose insulin sensitivity, high sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), and low-density lipoprotein (LDL) oxidation. These findings demonstrate that reduction of fructose improves several important factors related to cardiovascular disease despite a lack of measurable improvement in hepatic steatosis. Reducing dietary fructose may be an effective intervention to blunt atherosclerosis progression among NAFLD patients and should be evaluated in longer term clinical trials.

Publication types

  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adipose Tissue / metabolism
  • Adolescent
  • Beverages
  • Biomarkers / blood*
  • C-Reactive Protein / metabolism
  • Cardiovascular Diseases / blood*
  • Cardiovascular Diseases / complications
  • Child
  • Cholesterol, LDL / blood
  • Diet, Western / adverse effects
  • Dietary Carbohydrates / administration & dosage
  • Double-Blind Method
  • Energy Intake
  • Female
  • Fructose / administration & dosage*
  • Hispanic Americans*
  • Humans
  • Insulin Resistance
  • Male
  • Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease / blood*
  • Non-alcoholic Fatty Liver Disease / complications
  • Overweight / blood
  • Overweight / complications
  • Oxidative Stress / drug effects
  • Risk Factors

Substances

  • Biomarkers
  • Cholesterol, LDL
  • Dietary Carbohydrates
  • Fructose
  • C-Reactive Protein