Background: Although Takotsubo cardiomyopathy (TC) generally occurs after a stressful event out-of-hospital, it occasionally occurs secondary to acute medical illness after hospital admission. No study has examined and compared patient backgrounds and in-hospital outcomes between patients with out-of-hospital TC and those with in-hospital TC.
Methods and results: Using the Diagnosis Procedure Combination inpatient database in Japan, we identified 3719 eligible patients with a diagnosis of TC who underwent coronary angiography without any revascularization procedure between 2010 and 2013, including 419 patients with in-hospital TC and 3300 patients with out-of-hospital TC. There was no significant difference in age between those with in-hospital TC and those with out-of-hospital TC (74.2 ± 10.9 years versus 73.4 ± 11.3 years, p=0.211). Patients with in-hospital TC had a higher proportion of males than out-of-hospital TC patients (31.3% versus 21.3%, p<0.001). Patients with in-hospital TC had significantly higher proportions of several chronic comorbidities and acute medical illnesses. In-hospital mortality was significantly higher in patients with in-hospital TC than in patients with out-of-hospital TC (17.9% versus 5.4%, p<0.001). In the multivariable logistic regression analysis, in-hospital TC was significantly associated with higher in-hospital mortality (adjusted odds ratio 2.02; 95% confidence interval, 1.43 to 2.85; p<0.001), even after adjustment for patient backgrounds. Malignancy, chronic liver disease, rheumatic disease, sepsis, pneumonia, cerebrovascular diseases, acute renal failure, and acute gastrointestinal diseases were also significantly associated with higher in-hospital mortality.
Conclusions: In-hospital TC was associated with more severe clinical background and poorer short-term prognosis than out-of-hospital TC.
Keywords: Cardiovascular complications; In-hospital mortality; Takotsubo cardiomyopathy.
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