Development of a 10-year-old full body geometric dataset for computational modeling

Ann Biomed Eng. 2014 Oct;42(10):2143-55. doi: 10.1007/s10439-014-1078-5. Epub 2014 Aug 13.


The objective of this study was to create a computer-aided design (CAD) geometric dataset of a 10-year-old (10 YO) child. The study includes two phases of efforts. At Phase One, the 10 YO whole body CAD was developed from component computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging scans of 12 pediatric subjects. Geometrical scaling methods were used to convert all component parts to the average size for a 10 YO child, based on available anthropometric data. Then the component surfaces were compiled and integrated into a complete body. The bony structures and flesh were adjusted as symmetrical to minimize the bias from a single subject while maintaining anthropometrical measurements. Internal organs including the liver, spleen, and kidney were further verified by literature data. At Phase Two, internal characteristics for the cervical spine disc, wrist, hand, pelvis, femur, and tibia were verified with data measured from additional 94 10 YO children. The CAD dataset developed through these processes was mostly within the corridor of one standard deviation (SD) of the mean. In conclusion, a geometric dataset for an average size 10 YO child was created. The dataset serves as a foundation to develop computational 10 YO whole body models for enhanced pediatric injury prevention.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Child
  • Computer Simulation
  • Computer-Aided Design
  • Humans
  • Magnetic Resonance Imaging
  • Models, Biological*
  • Tomography, X-Ray Computed