Observational Study of IncobotulinumtoxinA for Cervical Dystonia or Blepharospasm (XCiDaBLE): Interim Results for the First 170 Subjects with Blepharospasm

Tremor Other Hyperkinet Mov (N Y). 2014 Jul 16;4:238. doi: 10.7916/D8MK6B1B. eCollection 2014.

Abstract

Background: XCiDaBLE is a large, prospective, observational "naturalistic" study evaluating Xeomin® for Cervical Dystonia or BLEpharospasm in the United States. We report the interim results from the blepharospasm cohort of XCiDaBLE.

Methods: Subjects (≧18 years old) with blepharospasm were followed for two treatment cycles of incobotulinumtoxinA and monitored for 4 weeks after injection via interactive voice/web response system (IVRS/IWRS). The investigator-reported scale includes the Clinical Global Impression Scale-Severity subscale (CGI-S). Patient-reported outcome measures include the Patient Global Impression Scale-Severity (PGI-S) and -Improvement (PGI-I) subscales, Jankovic Rating Scale (JRS), SF-12v2® health survey, and Work Productivity and Activity Impairment questionnaire. Subjects are seen by the investigator at baseline (including the first injection), during the second injection, and at a final study visit (12 weeks after the second injection).

Results: One hundred seventy subjects were included in this interim analysis. The majority of subjects were female (77.1%) and white (91.8%), and had previously been treated with botulinum toxins (96.5%). The mean total dose (both eyes) was 71.5 U of incobotulinumtoxinA for the first injection. PGI-S, PGI-I, and JRS scores were significantly improved 4 weeks after treatment (all p<0.0001). No differences were noted in either quality of life (QoL) or work productivity in this short assessment period. No unexpected adverse events occurred.

Discussion: This is an interim study and assessment method based on an IVRS/IWRS. In this predominantly toxin-experienced cohort, significant benefits in specific and global measures of disease severity were seen in the immediate post-incobotulinumtoxinA injection period. It will be interesting to see if there are improvements in QoL with consistent individualized injections over a longer period.

Keywords: Jankovic Rating Scale; Open label; Xeomin; blepharospasm; incobotulinumtoxinA; prospective.