Background: This research paper presents a valid treatment strategy for recurrent glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) using hypofractionated stereotactic radiotherapy by intensity modulated radiation therapy (HS-IMRT) planned with 11C-methionine positron emission tomography (MET-PET)/computed tomography (CT)/magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) fusion.
Methods: Twenty-one patients with recurrent GBM received HS-IMRT planned by MET-PET/CT/MRI. The region of increased amino acid tracer uptake on MET-PET was defined as the gross tumor volume (GTV). The planning target volume encompassed the GTV by a 3-mm margin. Treatment was performed with a total dose of 25- to 35-Gy, given as 5- to 7-Gy daily for 5 days.
Results: With a median follow-up of 12 months, median overall survival time (OS) was 11 months from the start of HS-IMRT, with a 6-month and 1-year survival rate of 71.4% and 38.1%, respectively. Karnofsky performance status was a significant prognostic factor of OS as tested by univariate and multivariate analysis. Re-operation rate was 4.8% for radiation necrosis. No other acute or late toxicity Grade 3 or higher was observed.
Conclusions: This is the first prospective study of biologic imaging optimized HS-IMRT in recurrent GBM. HS-IMRT with PET data seems to be well tolerated and resulted in a median survival time of 11 months after HS-IMRT.