Surveying Recent Themes in Translational Bioinformatics: Big Data in EHRs, Omics for Drugs, and Personal Genomics

Yearb Med Inform. 2014 Aug 15;9(1):199-205. doi: 10.15265/IY-2014-0015.

Abstract

Objective: To provide a survey of recent progress in the use of large-scale biologic data to impact clinical care, and the impact the reuse of electronic health record data has made in genomic discovery.

Method: Survey of key themes in translational bioinformatics, primarily from 2012 and 2013.

Result: This survey focuses on four major themes: the growing use of Electronic Health Records (EHRs) as a source for genomic discovery, adoption of genomics and pharmacogenomics in clinical practice, the possible use of genomic technologies for drug repurposing, and the use of personal genomics to guide care.

Conclusion: Reuse of abundant clinical data for research is speeding discovery, and implementation of genomic data into clinical medicine is impacting care with new classes of data rarely used previously in medicine.

Keywords: Translational bioinformatics; big data; electronic health records; genomics; personalized medicine.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Computational Biology*
  • Diffusion of Innovation
  • Electronic Health Records*
  • Genomics*
  • Humans
  • Pharmacogenetics* / trends
  • Translational Medical Research