Zygomatic implants: indications, techniques and outcomes, and the zygomatic success code

Periodontol 2000. 2014 Oct;66(1):41-58. doi: 10.1111/prd.12038.


The zygoma implant has been an effective option in the management of the atrophic edentulous maxilla as well as for maxillectomy defects. Brånemark introduced the zygoma implant not only as a solution to obtain posterior maxillary anchorage but also to expedite the rehabilitation process. The zygoma implant is a therapeutic option that deserves consideration in the treatment-planting process. This paper reviews the indications for zygoma implants and the surgical and prosthetic techniques (including new developments) and also reports on the clinical outcome of the zygomatic anatomy-guided approach. An overview of conventional grafting procedures is also included. Finally, a Zygoma Success Code, describing specific criteria to score the success of rehabilitation anchored on zygomatic implants, is proposed.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Clinical Protocols
  • Dental Implantation, Endosseous / methods*
  • Dental Implants*
  • Humans
  • Jaw, Edentulous / rehabilitation
  • Jaw, Edentulous / surgery
  • Maxilla / surgery
  • Patient Care Planning
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Zygoma / anatomy & histology
  • Zygoma / surgery*


  • Dental Implants