Impact of caffeine and coffee on our health

Trends Endocrinol Metab. 2014 Oct;25(10):489-92. doi: 10.1016/j.tem.2014.07.003. Epub 2014 Aug 11.


Coffee is the most frequently consumed caffeine-containing beverage. The caffeine in coffee is a bioactive compound with stimulatory effects on the central nervous system and a positive effect on long-term memory. Although coffee consumption has been historically linked to adverse health effects, new research indicates that coffee consumption may be beneficial. Here we discuss the impact of coffee and caffeine on health and bring attention to the changing caffeine landscape that includes new caffeine-containing energy drinks and supplements, often targeting children and adolescents.

Keywords: caffeine; coffee; energy drinks.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Beverages
  • Caffeine / adverse effects
  • Caffeine / pharmacology*
  • Central Nervous System Stimulants / adverse effects
  • Central Nervous System Stimulants / pharmacology*
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Coffee*
  • Health Status*
  • Humans
  • Infant
  • Tea


  • Central Nervous System Stimulants
  • Coffee
  • Tea
  • Caffeine