The recognition and management of albinism

Ophthalmic Physiol Opt. 1989 Jan;9(1):3-15. doi: 10.1111/j.1475-1313.1989.tb00797.x.


Albinism is not a single entity but represents a heterogenous group of inherited disorders of pigmentation. Despite a wide variety of manifestations, all forms of albinism are characterized by several ocular features, including: nystagmus, photophobia, reduced visual acuity and a lack of stereopsis. It is the intention of this review to describe and discuss the clinical implications of albinism with particular emphasis placed on these ocular features and their effects on visual performance. Various techniques that may be employed to aid the albino will also be described.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Albinism / physiopathology*
  • Albinism / therapy
  • Animals
  • Cats
  • Fundus Oculi
  • Humans
  • Monophenol Monooxygenase / metabolism
  • Nystagmus, Pathologic / congenital
  • Rabbits
  • Vision Disorders / therapy
  • Visual Acuity
  • Visual Pathways / physiopathology


  • Monophenol Monooxygenase