Background: Polysorbate 80 (P80), a nonionic detergent used to solubilize proteins, is used in both oral and injectable medications including vaccines. Development studies with 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV13) showed that adding P80 resulted in a more robust manufacturing process. Before adding P80 to the formulation of PCV13, we investigated the immunogenicity and safety of PCV13 with and without P80.
Methods: Phase 3, parallel-group, randomized, active-controlled, double-blind multicenter trial was conducted at 15 sites in Poland. Healthy infants were randomized (1:1) to receive PCV13+P80 or PCV13 without P80 given at ages 2, 3, 4 and 12 months concomitantly with DTaP-IPV-Hib at 2, 3 and 4 months; hepatitis B at 2 months and measles, mumps, and rubella at 12 months. Serotype-specific antipneumococcal immune responses were evaluated using antipolysaccharide capsular immunoglobulin (Ig)G responses and opsonophagocytic activity (OPA) assay. Safety data were also collected.
Results: The 2 treatment groups were demographically similar. Following the infant immunization series, anticapsular IgG antibody geometric mean concentrations and OPA geometric mean titers for each serotype were within 2-fold between the 2 groups. Formal noninferiority criteria for comparison of proportion of responders (subjects with IgG titers ≥0.35 μg/mL) were met for 11 of the 13 serotypes. Overall population responses were highly similar. Anticapsular IgG responses were also within 2-fold following the toddler dose. Safety profiles were similar between the 2 groups.
Conclusions: Addition of P80 to PCV13 did not adversely affect PCV13 immunogenicity or safety when compared with vaccine formulated without P80.
Trial registration: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT00366548.