Single-photon transistor mediated by interstate Rydberg interactions

Phys Rev Lett. 2014 Aug 1;113(5):053601. doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.113.053601. Epub 2014 Jul 28.

Abstract

We report on the realization of an all-optical transistor by mapping gate and source photons into strongly interacting Rydberg excitations with different principal quantum numbers in an ultracold atomic ensemble. We obtain a record switch contrast of 40% for a coherent gate input with mean photon number one and demonstrate attenuation of source transmission by over ten photons with a single gate photon. We use our optical transistor to demonstrate the nondestructive detection of a single Rydberg atom with a fidelity of 0.72(4).