Objective: To compare the effectiveness of ethyl pyruvate (EP) with that of hyaluronic acid+carboxymethyl cellulose (Seprafilm) for the prevention of intraperitoneal adhesions. Seprafilm has been shown to be effective in many experimental and clinical studies.
Study design: Thirty rats were divided into three groups at random, and uterine horn abrasion was performed by laparotomy. One group received no treatment (control group), one group received a single intraperitoneal dose of EP 50mg/kg (EP group), and a 2×1-cm patch of Seprafilm was applied in the third group (Seprafilm group). All rats were killed 14 days after surgery. Macroscopic and histopathological evaluation were performed by a surgeon and a pathologist who were blinded to group allocation. Histopathologically, inflammation, fibroblastic activity, foreign body reaction, collagen proliferation, vascular proliferation, Masson-Trichrome score, matrix metalloproteinase-2 score and vascular endothelial growth factor score were studied.
Results: Median macroscopic intraperitoneal adhesion scores for the control, EP and Seprafilm groups were 2.8, 1.2 and 1.1, respectively. Multiple comparisons between groups showed a significant difference (p<0.05). In binary comparisons, significant differences were found between the control group and the EP group, and between the control group and the Seprafilm group (p<0.05). No significant difference was found between the adhesion scores for the EP group and the Seprafilm group (p>0.05). After histopathological evaluation, significant differences in all parameters were found between the groups (p<0.05). In the paired comparison, significant differences were found between the control group and the EP group, and between the control group and the Seprafilm group (p<0.0167), but no significant difference was found between the EP group and the Seprafilm group (p>0.0167).
Conclusions: In comparison with the untreated control group, EP and Seprafilm were found to reduce the formation of intraperitoneal adhesions. No significant difference was found between EP and Seprafilm.
Keywords: Ethyl pyruvate; Hyaluronic acid+carboxymethyl cellulose; Intraperitoneal adhesion.
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