Recurrent tarsal tunnel syndrome

Foot Ankle Clin. 2014 Sep;19(3):451-67. doi: 10.1016/j.fcl.2014.06.015. Epub 2014 Jul 12.


Recurrence of tarsal tunnel syndrome after surgery may be due to inadequate release, lack of understanding or appreciation of the actual anatomy involved, variations in the anatomy of the nerve(s), failure to execute the release properly, bleeding with subsequent scarring, damage to the nerve and branches, persistent hypersensitivity of the nerves, and preexisting intrinsic damage to the nerve. Approaches include more thorough release, use of barrier materials to decrease adherence of the nerve to surrounding tissues to avoid traction neuritis, excisions of neuromas using conduits, and consideration of nerve stimulators and systemic medications to deal with persistent neural pain.

Keywords: Barrier materials; Calcaneal nerves; Chronic heel pain; Lateral plantar nerve; Medial plantar nerve; Tarsal tunnel syndrome; Tibial nerve; Traction neuritis.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Humans
  • Recurrence
  • Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome* / diagnosis
  • Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome* / etiology
  • Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome* / surgery
  • Tarsal Tunnel Syndrome* / therapy
  • Tibial Nerve / anatomy & histology
  • Tibial Nerve / injuries