Effect of Rosa damascene aromatherapy on sleep quality in cardiac patients: a randomized controlled trial

Complement Ther Clin Pract. 2014 Aug;20(3):159-63. doi: 10.1016/j.ctcp.2014.05.001. Epub 2014 May 14.


Objective: Sleep disorders are common among patients hospitalized in coronary care unit (CCU). This study aimed to investigate the effect of Rosa damascene aromatherapy on sleep quality of patients hospitalized in CCU.

Methods: In this randomized controlled trial, 60 patients who met the inclusion criteria were conveniently sampled and randomly allocated to the experimental and control groups. Patients in the control group received routine care. In the experimental group, patients received routine care and Rosa damascene aromatherapy for three subsequent nights. In the both groups the sleep quality was assessed using the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index.

Results: After the study, the mean scores of five domains of Pittsburg Sleep Quality Index as well as the mean of total score of the index in the experimental group were significantly lower than the control group.

Conclusion: Rosa damascene aromatherapy can significantly improve the sleep quality of patients hospitalized in CCUs.

Keywords: Aromatherapy; Coronary care unit; Nursing; Sleep quality.

Publication types

  • Randomized Controlled Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Aromatherapy / methods*
  • Coronary Care Units
  • Female
  • Heart Diseases / physiopathology
  • Heart Diseases / therapy*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Plant Extracts / therapeutic use*
  • Rosa / chemistry*
  • Sleep Wake Disorders / drug therapy*
  • Sleep Wake Disorders / etiology


  • Plant Extracts

Associated data

  • IRCT/IRCT2013052013403N1