[Epidemiology of tuberculosis]

Rev Pneumol Clin. 2015 Apr-Jun;71(2-3):67-72. doi: 10.1016/j.pneumo.2014.04.002. Epub 2014 Aug 15.
[Article in French]


Tuberculosis is a contagious disease caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis. It represents, according to World Health Organization (WHO), one of the most leading causes of death worldwide. With nearly 8 million new cases each year and more than 1 million deaths per year, tuberculosis is still a public health problem. Despite of the decrease in incidence, morbidity and mortality remain important partially due to co-infection with human immunodeficiency virus and emergence of resistant bacilli. All WHO regions are not uniformly affected by TB. Africa's region has the highest rates of morbidity and mortality. The epidemiological situation is also worrying in Eastern European countries where the proportion of drug-resistant tuberculosis is increasing. These regional disparities emphasize to develop screening, diagnosis and monitoring to the most vulnerable populations. In this context, the Stop TB program, developed by the WHO and its partner's, aims to reduce the burden of disease in accordance with the global targets set for 2015.

Keywords: Epidemiology; Incidence; Mortality; Mortalité; Prevalence; Prévalence; Tuberculose; Tuberculosis; Épidémiologie.

Publication types

  • English Abstract
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • AIDS-Related Opportunistic Infections / diagnosis
  • AIDS-Related Opportunistic Infections / epidemiology
  • Africa / epidemiology
  • HIV Infections / diagnosis
  • HIV Infections / epidemiology
  • Humans
  • Immunocompromised Host
  • Incidence
  • International Cooperation
  • Mycobacterium tuberculosis* / isolation & purification
  • Population Surveillance
  • Prevalence
  • Risk Factors
  • Tuberculosis / complications
  • Tuberculosis / diagnosis*
  • Tuberculosis / epidemiology*
  • Tuberculosis / microbiology
  • Tuberculosis / mortality
  • Tuberculosis, Multidrug-Resistant / diagnosis
  • Tuberculosis, Multidrug-Resistant / epidemiology
  • Tuberculosis, Pulmonary / diagnosis
  • Tuberculosis, Pulmonary / epidemiology
  • Tunisia / epidemiology
  • World Health Organization