Melatonin treatment further improves adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cell therapy for acute interstitial cystitis in rat

J Pineal Res. 2014 Oct;57(3):248-61. doi: 10.1111/jpi.12164. Epub 2014 Aug 27.


This study tests the hypothesis that combined melatonin and adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cell (ADMSC, 1.2 × 10(6) given intravenously) treatment offer superior protection against cyclophosphamide (CYP 150 mg/kg)-induced acute interstitial cystitis (AIC) in rats. Male adult Sprague-Dawley rats were treated as follows: sham controls, AIC alone, AIC + melatonin, AIC + ADMSC, and AIC + melatonin +ADMSC. When melatonin was used, it was given as follows: 20 mg/kg at 30 min after CYP and 50 mg/kg at 6 and 18 hr after CYP. Twenty-four-hour urine volume, urine albumin level, and severity of hematuria were highest in AIC rats and lowest in the controls; likewise urine volume was higher in AIC + melatonin rats than in AIC + ADMSC and AIC + melatonin + ADMSC treated rats; in all cases, P < 0.001. The numbers of CD14+, CD74+, CD68+, MIP+, Cox-2+, substance P+, cells and protein expression of IL-6, IL-12, RANTES, TNF-α, NF-κB, MMP-9, iNOS (i.e. inflammatory biomarkers), glycosaminoglycan level, expression of oxidized protein, and protein expression of reactive oxygen species (NOX-1, NOX-2, NOX-4) in the bladder tissue exhibited an identical pattern compared with that of hematuria among the five groups (all P < 0.0001). The integrity of epithelial layer and area of collagen deposition displayed an opposite pattern compared to that of hematuria among all groups (P < 0.0001). The cellular expressions of antioxidants (GR, GPx, HO-1, NQO 1) showed a significant progressive increase form controls to AIC + melatonin + ADMSC (all P < 0.0001). Combined regimen of melatonin and ADMSC was superior to either alone in protecting against CYP-induced AIC.

Keywords: acute interstitial cystitis; adipose-derived mesenchymal stem cells; cyclophosphamide; inflammation; melatonin; oxidative stress.

MeSH terms

  • Adipose Tissue / cytology*
  • Animals
  • Cystitis, Interstitial / drug therapy
  • Cystitis, Interstitial / metabolism
  • Cystitis, Interstitial / therapy*
  • Cytokines / metabolism
  • Male
  • Melatonin / therapeutic use*
  • Mesenchymal Stem Cells / cytology*
  • Rats
  • Rats, Sprague-Dawley
  • Stem Cell Transplantation*


  • Cytokines
  • Melatonin