PML nuclear bodies (NBs) were first described by electron microscopy and rediscovered through their treatment-reversible disruption in a rare leukaemia. They recruit multiple partner proteins and now emerge as interferon- and oxidative stress-responsive sumoylation factories. NBs mediate interferon-induced viral restriction, enhance proteolysis, finely tune metabolism and enforce stress-induced senescence. Apart from being markers of cellular stress, PML NBs could be harnessed pharmacologically in a number of conditions, including cancer, viral infection or neurodegenerative diseases.
Keywords: PML; RNF4; arsenic; interferon; oxidative stress; p53; senescence.
Copyright © 2014 Pathological Society of Great Britain and Ireland. Published by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.