Histogram flow mapping with optical coherence tomography for in vivo skin angiography of hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia

J Biomed Opt. 2014 Aug;19(8):086015. doi: 10.1117/1.JBO.19.8.086015.


Speckle statistics of flowing scatterers have been well documented in the literature. Speckle variance optical coherence tomography exploits the large variance values of intensity changes in time caused mainly by the random backscattering of light resulting from translational activity of red blood cells to map out the microvascular networks. A method to map out the microvasculature malformation of skin based on the time-domain histograms of individual pixels is presented with results obtained from both normal skin and skin containing vascular malformation. Results demonstrated that this method can potentially map out deeper blood vessels and enhance the visualization of microvasculature in low signal regions, while being resistant against motion (e.g., patient tremor or internal reflex movements). The overall results are manifested as more uniform en face projection maps of microvessels. Potential applications include clinical imaging of skin vascular abnormalities and wide-field skin angiography for the study of complex vascular networks.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Angiography / instrumentation
  • Angiography / methods*
  • Animals
  • Blood Flow Velocity
  • Data Interpretation, Statistical
  • Humans
  • Image Enhancement / methods
  • Image Interpretation, Computer-Assisted / methods*
  • Microvessels / physiopathology*
  • Phantoms, Imaging
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Sensitivity and Specificity
  • Skin / blood supply
  • Skin / physiopathology*
  • Telangiectasia, Hereditary Hemorrhagic / diagnosis*
  • Telangiectasia, Hereditary Hemorrhagic / physiopathology*
  • Tomography, Optical Coherence / instrumentation
  • Tomography, Optical Coherence / methods*