Fungal prostatitis: an update

Anal Quant Cytopathol Histpathol. 2014 Jun;36(3):167-76.


Prostate pathology is a daily occurrence in urological and general medical consultations. Besides hyperplasia and neoplastic pathology, other processes, such as infectious ones, are also documented. Their etiology is diverse and varied. Within the infectious prostatic processes, fungi can also be a specific cause of prostatitis. Fungal prostatitis often appears in patients with impaired immunity and can also be rarely found in healthy patients. It can result from a disseminated infection, but it can also be localized. Fungal prostatitis is a nonspecific and harmless process. Diagnosis is commonly made by fine needle aspiration cytology or by biopsy. A number of fungi can be involved. Although there are not many reported cases, they are becoming more frequent, in particular in patients with some degree of immunodeficiency or those who live in areas where specific fungi are endemic or in visitors of those areas. We present a comprehensive review of the various forms of fungal prostatitis, and we describe the morphological characteristics of the fungi more frequently reported as causes of fungal prostatitis. We also report our own experience, aiming to alert physicians, urologists and pathologists of these particular infections.

MeSH terms

  • Biopsy, Fine-Needle
  • Candida / classification
  • Candida / isolation & purification*
  • Candida / pathogenicity
  • Cryptococcus / classification
  • Cryptococcus / isolation & purification*
  • Cryptococcus / pathogenicity
  • Humans
  • Infections / diagnosis
  • Infections / microbiology*
  • Male
  • Prostatic Neoplasms / microbiology
  • Prostatic Neoplasms / pathology
  • Prostatitis / diagnosis
  • Prostatitis / microbiology*
  • Prostatitis / pathology