Replication competent virus as an important source of bias in HIV latency models utilizing single round viral constructs

Retrovirology. 2014 Aug 21:11:70. doi: 10.1186/s12977-014-0070-3.


The central memory T cell (TCM) model forms a unique HIV-1 latency model based on primary cells that closely resemble in vivo TCM. The virus employed in this model is based on an engineered vector incapable of replication after initial infection. We show that despite this strategy, replication competent viral particles are released into the culture medium due to recombination between overlapping sequences of the env deleted HIV genome that is co-transfected with intact env. This finding emphasizes the need for careful data analysis and interpretation if similar constructs are employed and urges for additional caution during laboratory work.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • CD4-Positive T-Lymphocytes / virology
  • DNA, Viral / genetics
  • Genes, env
  • Genetic Vectors / genetics
  • HIV Infections / virology*
  • HIV-1 / genetics
  • HIV-1 / physiology*
  • Humans
  • Virus Latency*
  • Virus Replication / genetics*


  • DNA, Viral