Reverse osmosis and nanofiltration of biologically treated leachate

Environ Technol. Sep-Oct 2014;35(17-20):2416-26. doi: 10.1080/09593330.2014.908241.


Experiments of nano-filtration (NF) and reverse osmosis (RO) were conducted to remove most pollutants from the biological treated leachate. For example, the purified permeate after reverse osmosis treatment with spiral membranes reached effluent water quality as follows: COD of 57 mg O2/l, BOD7 of 35 mg O2/l, and suspended solid of 1 mg/l which satisfies the discharge standards in Estonia. For both RO and NF, conductivity can be reduced by 91% from 6.06 to 0.371 mS/cm by RO and 99% from 200 to 1 mS/cm by NF. To test the service life of the RO spiral membranes, the process was able to reduce chemical oxygen demand (COD) and biological oxygen demand (BOD) of biologically treated leachate by 97.9% and 93.2% even after 328 and 586 hours, respectively. However, only 39.0% and 21.7% reductions of Ptot and Ntot were achieved. As a result, neither RO (spiral membranes process) nor NF was able to reduce the total nitrogen (TN) to the required discharge limit of 15 mg/l.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Biodegradation, Environmental*
  • Biological Oxygen Demand Analysis
  • Equipment Design
  • Filtration / instrumentation
  • Filtration / methods*
  • Nanotechnology / instrumentation
  • Osmosis
  • Water Pollutants, Chemical / chemistry*
  • Water Pollutants, Chemical / isolation & purification


  • Water Pollutants, Chemical