Body dysmorphic disorder

Psychiatr Clin North Am. 2014 Sep;37(3):287-300. doi: 10.1016/j.psc.2014.05.003. Epub 2014 Jul 18.


Body dysmorphic disorder (BDD) can be a severe and often debilitating psychiatric disorder that has been largely under-recognized and underdiagnosed. Pharmacologic and nonpharmacologic treatment options are available but limited. This review aims to provide an updated overview of the psychopathology and epidemiology of BDD, with an emphasis on current pharmacologic and nonpharmacologic treatment options for BDD.

Keywords: Body dysmorphic disorder; Cognitive-behavioral therapy; Obsessive-compulsive spectrum; Serotonin reuptake inhibitor; Treatment.

Publication types

  • Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Body Dysmorphic Disorders* / diagnosis
  • Body Dysmorphic Disorders* / epidemiology
  • Body Dysmorphic Disorders* / psychology
  • Body Dysmorphic Disorders* / therapy
  • Cognitive Behavioral Therapy
  • Combined Modality Therapy
  • Comorbidity
  • Delusions / epidemiology
  • Humans
  • Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder / epidemiology
  • Patient Acceptance of Health Care / psychology
  • Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors / therapeutic use
  • Suicide


  • Serotonin Uptake Inhibitors