Background: High definition endoscopy is the accepted standard in colonoscopy. However, an important problem is missed polyps.
Aims: Our objective was to assess the additional adenoma detection rate between high definition colonoscopy with tone enhancement (digital chromoendoscopy) vs. white light high definition colonoscopy.
Methods: In this prospective randomized trial patients were included to undergo a tandem colonoscopy. The first exam was a white light colonoscopy with removal of all visualized polyps. The second examination was randomly assigned in a 1:1 ratio as either again white light colonoscopy (Group A) or colonoscopy with tone enhancement (Group B). Primary endpoint was the adenoma detection rate during the second withdrawal (sample size calculation - 40 per group).
Results: 67 lesions (Group A: n=34 vs. Group B: n=33) in 80 patients (mean age 61 years, male 64%) were identified on the first colonoscopy. The second colonoscopy detected 78 additional lesions: n=60 with tone enhancement vs. n=18 with white light endoscopy (p<0.001). Tone enhancement found more additional adenomas (A n=20 vs. B n=6, p=0.006) and identified significantly more missed adenomas per subject (0.5 vs. 0.15, p=0.006).
Conclusions: High definition plus colonoscopy with tone enhancement detected more adenomas missed by white light colonoscopy.
Keywords: Adenoma detection rate; Adenoma miss rate; I-scan technique; Red flag technology.
Copyright © 2014 Editrice Gastroenterologica Italiana S.r.l. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.