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, 144 Pt B, 410-6

Voltage-gated Calcium Channels in the Human Adrenal and Primary Aldosteronism

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Voltage-gated Calcium Channels in the Human Adrenal and Primary Aldosteronism

Saulo J A Felizola et al. J Steroid Biochem Mol Biol.

Abstract

Calcium channel blockers can efficiently be used in the treatment of primary aldosteronism (PA) related hypertension, but details on the localization of calcium channel (CC) in the human adrenal and its disorders, including PA, have remained unclear. Therefore, in this study we analyzed the known α subunits of L-, N- and T-type CCs in 74 adrenocortical aldosterone-producing adenomas (APA) and 16 cortisol-producing adenomas (CPA) using quantitative RT-PCR (qPCR). We also examined the status of L-(CaV1.2, CaV1.3), N-(CaV2.2) and T-(CaV3.2) CC subunits in five non-pathological adrenals (NA), five idiopathic hyperaldosteronism (IHA) cases, and 50 APA using immunohistochemistry. After qPCR evaluation, only CaV1.2, CaV1.3, CaV2.2, and CaV3.2 mRNA levels could be detected in APA and CPA. Among those, only CaV3.2 mRNA levels were significantly correlated with plasma aldosterone levels (P=0.0031), CYP11B2 expression levels (P<0.0001) and the presence of KCNJ5 mutations (P=0.0019) in APA. The immunolocalization of CCs in NA and IHA was detected in the zona glomerulosa (ZG), with a predominance of CaV3.2 in APA. These findings suggest that different types of CC can be involved in calcium-related aldosterone biosynthesis.

Keywords: Adrenal cortex; Aldosterone; Aldosterone producing adenoma; Calcium channel; Immunohistochemistry.

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