Cell biology and EMF safety standards

Electromagn Biol Med. 2015;34(4):387-9. doi: 10.3109/15368378.2014.952433. Epub 2014 Aug 25.


Living cells react defensively and start to synthesize stress proteins when exposed to potentially harmful stimuli. Electromagnetic fields (EMF) are among the many different environmental stimuli that initiate stress protein synthesis. Although there is greater energy transfer and heating due to EMF at higher frequencies, there is no greater stress response. The cellular stress response is far more sensitive to EMF than to an increase in temperature. It should be obvious that an EMF safety standard should be based on the more sensitive, natural biological response.

Keywords: Cell biology; DNA damage; DNA fractal antenna; EMF safety; EMF standards; cellular stress response; thermal criterion.

MeSH terms

  • Cell Biology
  • DNA / radiation effects
  • DNA Damage
  • Electromagnetic Fields*
  • Environmental Exposure
  • Environmental Health
  • Fractals
  • Humans
  • Patient Safety / standards*
  • Radiation Monitoring / methods*
  • Radiation Protection / methods*
  • Safety Management / methods
  • Temperature


  • DNA