Artificial intelligence in public health prevention of legionelosis in drinking water systems

Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2014 Aug 21;11(8):8597-611. doi: 10.3390/ijerph110808597.


Good quality water supplies and safe sanitation in urban areas are a big challenge for governments throughout the world. Providing adequate water quality is a basic requirement for our lives. The colony forming units of the bacterium Legionella pneumophila in potable water represent a big problem which cannot be overlooked for health protection reasons. We analysed several methods to program a virtual hot water tank with AI (artificial intelligence) tools including neuro-fuzzy systems as a precaution against legionelosis. The main goal of this paper is to present research which simulates the temperature profile in the water tank. This research presents a tool for a water management system to simulate conditions which are able to prevent legionelosis outbreaks in a water system. The challenge is to create a virtual water tank simulator including the water environment which can simulate a situation which is common in building water distribution systems. The key feature of the presented system is its adaptation to any hot water tank. While respecting the basic parameters of hot water, a water supplier and building maintainer are required to ensure the predefined quality and water temperature at each sampling site and avoid the growth of Legionella. The presented system is one small contribution how to overcome a situation when legionelosis could find good conditions to spread and jeopardize human lives.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Artificial Intelligence*
  • Drinking Water / microbiology*
  • Hot Temperature
  • Legionella pneumophila / physiology*
  • Legionnaires' Disease / microbiology
  • Legionnaires' Disease / prevention & control*
  • Models, Theoretical
  • Public Health / standards*
  • Slovakia
  • Water Purification / methods*


  • Drinking Water