The phytotoxin coronatine is a multifunctional component of the virulence armament of Pseudomonas syringae

Planta. 2014 Dec;240(6):1149-65. doi: 10.1007/s00425-014-2151-x. Epub 2014 Aug 26.


Plant pathogens deploy an array of virulence factors to suppress host defense and promote pathogenicity. Numerous strains of Pseudomonas syringae produce the phytotoxin coronatine (COR). A major aspect of COR function is its ability to mimic a bioactive jasmonic acid (JA) conjugate and thus target the JA-receptor COR-insensitive 1 (COI1). Biological activities of COR include stimulation of JA-signaling and consequent suppression of SA-dependent defense through antagonistic crosstalk, antagonism of stomatal closure to allow bacterial entry into the interior of plant leaves, contribution to chlorotic symptoms in infected plants, and suppression of plant cell wall defense through perturbation of secondary metabolism. Here, we review the virulence function of COR, including updates on these established activities as well as more recent findings revealing COI1-independent activity of COR and shedding light on cooperative or redundant defense suppression between COR and type III effector proteins.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acids / biosynthesis
  • Amino Acids / chemistry
  • Amino Acids / metabolism*
  • Indenes / chemistry
  • Indenes / metabolism*
  • Plant Diseases / immunology
  • Plant Diseases / microbiology
  • Plant Immunity
  • Pseudomonas syringae / pathogenicity*
  • Secondary Metabolism
  • Virulence


  • Amino Acids
  • Indenes
  • coronatine