Pre-meal tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum) intake can have anti-obesity effects in young women?

Int J Food Sci Nutr. 2014 Dec;65(8):1019-26. doi: 10.3109/09637486.2014.950206. Epub 2014 Aug 26.

Abstract

The effect of pre-meal tomato intake in the anthropometric indices and blood levels of triglycerides, cholesterol, glucose, and uric acid of a young women population (n = 35, 19.6 ± 1.3 years) was evaluated. During 4 weeks, daily, participants ingested a raw ripe tomato (∼90 g) before lunch. Their anthropometric and biochemical parameters were measured repeatedly during the follow-up time. At the end of the 4 weeks, significant reductions were observed on body weight (-1.09 ± 0.12 kg on average), % fat (-1.54 ± 0.52%), fasting blood glucose (-5.29 ± 0.80 mg/dl), triglycerides (-8.31 ± 1.34 mg/dl), cholesterol (-10.17 ± 1.21 mg/dl), and uric acid (-0.16 ± 0.04 mg/dl) of the participants. The tomato pre-meal ingestion seemed to interfere positively in body weight, fat percentage, and blood levels of glucose, triglycerides, cholesterol, and uric acid of the young adult women that participated in this study.

Keywords: Anti-obesity; blood lipids; glucose; tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum); uric acid.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adipose Tissue / metabolism*
  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Antioxidants / pharmacology
  • Antioxidants / therapeutic use
  • Blood Glucose / metabolism
  • Body Composition / drug effects
  • Body Mass Index
  • Cholesterol / blood
  • Diet*
  • Female
  • Fruit / chemistry*
  • Humans
  • Lycopersicon esculentum / chemistry*
  • Meals*
  • Obesity / blood
  • Obesity / diet therapy*
  • Phenols / pharmacology
  • Phenols / therapeutic use
  • Plant Extracts / pharmacology
  • Plant Extracts / therapeutic use
  • Triglycerides / blood
  • Uric Acid / blood
  • Weight Loss / drug effects*
  • Young Adult

Substances

  • Antioxidants
  • Blood Glucose
  • Phenols
  • Plant Extracts
  • Triglycerides
  • Uric Acid
  • Cholesterol