The pediatrician's role in the evaluation and preparation of pediatric patients undergoing anesthesia

Pediatrics. 2014 Sep;134(3):634-41. doi: 10.1542/peds.2014-1840.


Pediatricians play a key role in helping prepare patients and families for anesthesia and surgery. The questions to be answered by the pediatrician fall into 2 categories. The first involves preparation: is the patient in optimal medical condition for surgery, and are the patient and family emotionally and cognitively ready for surgery? The second category concerns logistics: what communication and organizational needs are necessary to enable safe passage through the perioperative process? This revised statement updates the recommendations for the pediatrician's role in the preoperative preparation of patients.

Keywords: anesthesia; pediatric anesthesia; pediatric surgery; perioperative; preoperative.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Anesthesia / methods
  • Anesthesia / standards*
  • Child
  • Humans
  • Patient Care / methods
  • Patient Care / standards*
  • Pediatrics / methods
  • Pediatrics / standards*
  • Physician's Role*
  • Societies, Medical / standards