Fluoride use in caries prevention in the primary care setting

Pediatrics. 2014 Sep;134(3):626-33. doi: 10.1542/peds.2014-1699.


Dental caries remains the most common chronic disease of childhood in the United States. Caries is a largely preventable condition, and fluoride has proven effectiveness in the prevention of caries. The goals of this clinical report are to clarify the use of available fluoride modalities for caries prevention in the primary care setting and to assist pediatricians in using fluoride to achieve maximum protection against dental caries while minimizing the likelihood of enamel fluorosis.

Keywords: enamel fluorosis; fluoride; fluoride varnish; formula mixing; systemic fluoride supplements; toothpaste; water fluoridation.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Dental Caries / epidemiology
  • Dental Caries / prevention & control*
  • Fluorides / administration & dosage*
  • Fluorides / adverse effects
  • Fluorosis, Dental / epidemiology
  • Fluorosis, Dental / prevention & control
  • Humans
  • Pediatrics / standards
  • Primary Health Care / methods*
  • Primary Health Care / standards
  • Societies, Medical / standards


  • Fluorides