A gender based analysis of predictors of all cause death after transcatheter aortic valve implantation

Am J Cardiol. 2014 Oct 15;114(8):1269-74. doi: 10.1016/j.amjcard.2014.07.053. Epub 2014 Jul 31.


The impact of gender-related pathophysiologic features of severe aortic stenosis on transcatheter aortic valve implantation (TAVI) outcomes remains to be determined, as does the consistency of predictors of mortality between the genders. All consecutive patients who underwent TAVI at 6 institutions were enrolled in this study and stratified according to gender. Midterm all-cause mortality was the primary end point, with events at 30 days and at midterm as secondary end points. All events were adjudicated according to Valve Academic Research Consortium definitions. Eight hundred thirty-six patients were enrolled, 464 (55.5%) of whom were female. At midterm follow-up (median 365 days, interquartile range 100 to 516) women had similar rates of all-cause mortality compared with men (18.1% vs 22.6%, p = 0.11) and similar incidence of myocardial infarction and cerebrovascular accident. Gender did not affect mortality also on multivariate analysis. Among clinical and procedural features, glomerular filtration rate <30 ml/min/1.73 m(2) (hazard ratio [HR] 2.55, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.36 to 4.79) and systolic pulmonary arterial pressure >50 mm Hg (HR 2.26, 95% CI 1.26 to 4.02) independently predicted mortality in women, while insulin-treated diabetes (HR 3.45, 95% CI 1.47 to 8.09), previous stroke (HR 3.42, 95% CI 1.43 to 8.18), and an ejection fraction <30% (HR 3.82, 95% CI 1.41 to 10.37) were related to mortality in men. Postprocedural aortic regurgitation was independently related to midterm mortality in the 2 groups (HR 11.19, 95% CI 3.3 to 37.9). In conclusion, women and men had the same life expectancy after TAVI, but different predictors of adverse events stratified by gender were demonstrated. These findings underline the importance of a gender-tailored clinical risk assessment in TAVI patients.

Publication types

  • Multicenter Study
  • Observational Study

MeSH terms

  • Aortic Valve Stenosis / mortality
  • Aortic Valve Stenosis / surgery*
  • Cardiac Catheterization*
  • Cause of Death / trends
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Heart Valve Prosthesis Implantation / methods*
  • Humans
  • Incidence
  • Italy / epidemiology
  • Male
  • Netherlands / epidemiology
  • Postoperative Complications / epidemiology*
  • Prognosis
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Risk Assessment / methods*
  • Sex Distribution
  • Sex Factors
  • Survival Rate / trends
  • Time Factors