Background: Safety data on first-trimester natalizumab exposure are scarce, as natalizumab is usually withdrawn three months before pregnancy.
Objective: The objective of this paper is to investigate the fetal safety of exposure to natalizumab (Tysabri(®)) during the first trimester of pregnancy using disease-matched (DM) and healthy control (HC) comparison groups.
Methods: A total of 101 German women with RRMS exposed to natalizumab during the first trimester of pregnancy were identified. Birth outcomes in the exposed group were compared to a DM group (N = 78) with or without exposure to other disease-modifying drugs, and an HC group (N = 97).
Results: A total of 77, 69 and 92 live births occurred in the Exposed, DM and HC groups, respectively. The rates of major malformations (p = 0.67), low birth weight (<2500 grams) (p = 1.0) and premature birth (p = 0.37) did not differ among groups. Higher miscarriage rates (p = 0.002) and lower birth weights (p = 0.001) occurred among the Exposed and DM groups, as compared to the HC; however, there was no significant difference between the Exposed and DM groups.
Conclusion: Exposure to natalizumab in early pregnancy does not appear to increase the risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes in comparison to a DM group not exposed to natalizumab.
Keywords: Multiple sclerosis; fetal safety; natalizumab; pregnancy exposure.
© The Author(s), 2014.