Factors affecting patient compliance with compressive brace therapy for pectus carinatum

Interact Cardiovasc Thorac Surg. 2014 Dec;19(6):900-3. doi: 10.1093/icvts/ivu280. Epub 2014 Aug 27.


Objectives: The aim of this study was to identify factors affecting patient compliance with brace therapy for pectus carinatum.

Methods: Eighty-six pectus carinatum patients who started brace therapy from August 2008 to November 2011 were included in this study. Patients were divided into two groups: patients who wore the brace for ≥6 months (compliance group) or patients who wore the brace for <6 months (non-compliance group). Factors affecting patient compliance were assessed at the last day of follow-up with a multiple-choice questionnaire. The questionnaire comprised seven items: pain at compression site, skin problems on compression area, confidence in brace treatment, shame, discomfort, initial result of bracing treatment and total number of factors affecting patient compliance.

Results: Eighty-six patients completed the survey, including seven (8.1%) female patients and 79 (91.9%) male patients, with a mean age of 12.0 years at the time of treatment (range, 3-20 years). The initial result of the compression period (P <0.001) and total number of factors affecting patient compliance (P <0.05) were significant predictors of patient compliance.

Conclusions: An initial successful result of the compression period may increase patient compliance during treatment for pectus carinatum. Additional efforts to decrease pain, skin problems, shame and discomfort, and to give confidence may be beneficial in increasing compliance with bracing treatment.

Keywords: Brace therapy; Compliance; Pectus carinatum.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Braces* / adverse effects
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Female
  • Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Patient Compliance*
  • Patients / psychology*
  • Pectus Carinatum / diagnosis
  • Pectus Carinatum / psychology
  • Pectus Carinatum / therapy*
  • Risk Factors
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Time Factors
  • Treatment Outcome
  • Young Adult