Surface state magnetization and chiral edge states on topological insulators

Phys Rev Lett. 2013 Jan 25;110(4):046404. doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.110.046404. Epub 2013 Jan 25.


We study the interaction between a ferromagnetically ordered medium and the surface states of a topological insulator with a general surface termination that were identified recently [F. Zhang et al. Phys. Rev. B 86, 081303(R) (2012)]. This interaction is strongly crystal face dependent and can generate chiral states along edges between crystal facets even for a uniform magnetization. While magnetization parallel to quintuple layers shifts the momentum of the Dirac point, perpendicular magnetization lifts the Kramers degeneracy at any Dirac points except on the side face, where the spectrum remains gapless and the Hall conductivity switches sign. Chiral states can be found at any edge that reverses the projection of the surface normal to the stacking direction of quintuple layers. Magnetization also weakly hybridizes noncleavage surfaces.