Three-dimensional axisymmetric cloak based on the cancellation of acoustic scattering from a sphere

Phys Rev Lett. 2013 Mar 22;110(12):124301. doi: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.110.124301. Epub 2013 Mar 20.


This Letter presents the design, fabrication, and experimental characterization of a directional three-dimensional acoustic cloak for airborne sound. The cloak consists of 60 concentric acoustically rigid tori surrounding the cloaked object, a sphere of radius 4 cm. The major radii and positions of the tori along the symmetry axis are determined using the condition of complete cancellation of the acoustic field scattered from the sphere. They are obtained through an optimization technique that combines genetic algorithm and simulated annealing. The scattering cross section of the sphere with the cloak, which is the magnitude that is minimized, is calculated using the method of fundamental solutions. The low-loss fabricated cloak shows a reduction of the 90% of the sphere scattering cross section at the frequency of 8.55 kHz.