The Development of a Composition Database of Gluten-Free Products

Public Health Nutr. 2015 Jun;18(8):1353-7. doi: 10.1017/S1368980014001682. Epub 2014 Aug 28.

Abstract

Objective: To develop a composition database of a number of foods representative of different categories of gluten-free products in the Italian diet.

Design: The database was built using the nutritional composition of the products, taking into consideration both the composition of the ingredients and the nutritional information reported on the product label.

Setting: The nutrient composition of each ingredient was obtained from two Italian databases (European Institute of Oncology and the National Institute for Food and Nutrition).

Subjects: The study developed a food composition database including a total of sixty foods representative of different categories of gluten-free products sold on the Italian market. The composition of the products included in the database is given in terms of quantity of macro- and micronutrients per 100 g of product as sold, and includes the full range of nutrient data present in traditional databases of gluten-containing foods.

Results: As expected, most of the products had a high content of carbohydrates and some of them can be labelled as a source of fibre (>3 g/100 g). Regarding micronutrients, among the products considered, breads, pizzas and snacks were especially very high in Na content (>400-500 mg/100 g).

Conclusions: This database provides an initial useful tool for future nutritional surveys on the dietary habits of coeliac people.

Keywords: Food composition database.

MeSH terms

  • Bread / analysis
  • Databases, Factual*
  • Diet, Gluten-Free
  • Dietary Carbohydrates / analysis
  • Dietary Fats / analysis
  • Dietary Fiber / analysis
  • Dietary Proteins / analysis
  • Food Analysis*
  • Glutens / administration & dosage
  • Glutens / analysis*
  • Micronutrients / analysis
  • Nutritive Value
  • Snacks
  • Sodium, Dietary / analysis

Substances

  • Dietary Carbohydrates
  • Dietary Fats
  • Dietary Fiber
  • Dietary Proteins
  • Micronutrients
  • Sodium, Dietary
  • Glutens