Anthracycline compounds are major culprits in chemotherapy-induced cardiotoxicity, which is the chief limiting factor in delivering optimal chemotherapy to cancer patients. Although extensive efforts have been devoted to identifying strategies to prevent anthracycline-induced cardiotoxicity, there is little consensus regarding the best approach. Recent advances in basic mechanisms of anthracycline-induced cardiotoxicity provided a unified theory to explain the old reactive-oxygen species hypothesis and identified topoisomerase 2β as the primary molecular target for cardioprotection. This review outlines current strategies for primary and secondary prevention of anthracycline-induced cardiotoxicity resulting from newly recognized molecular mechanisms and identifies knowledge gaps requiring further investigation.
Keywords: cancer; cardiomyopathy; cardioprotection; chemotherapy; doxorubicin; heart failure.
Copyright © 2014 American College of Cardiology Foundation. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.