Paenibacillus yonginensis sp. nov., a potential plant growth promoting bacterium isolated from humus soil of Yongin forest

Antonie Van Leeuwenhoek. 2014 Nov;106(5):935-45. doi: 10.1007/s10482-014-0263-8. Epub 2014 Aug 29.


Strain DCY84(T), a Gram-stain positive, rod-shaped, aerobic, spore-forming bacterium, motile by means of peritrichous flagella, was isolated from humus soil from Yongin forest in Gyeonggi province, South Korea. Strain DCY84(T) shared the highest sequence similarity with Paenibacillus barengoltzii KACC 15270(T) (96.86 %), followed by Paenibacillus timonensis KACC 11491(T) (96.49 %) and Paenibacillus phoenicis NBRC 106274(T) (95.77 %). Strain DCY84(T) was found to able to grow best in TSA at temperature 30 °C, at pH 8 and at 0.5 % NaCl. MK-7 menaquinone was identified as the isoprenoid quinone. The major polar lipids were identified as phosphatidylethanolamine, an unidentified aminophospholipid, two unidentified aminolipids and an unidentified polar lipid. The peptidoglycan was found to contain the amino acids meso-diaminopimelic acid, alanine and D-glutamic acid. The major fatty acids of strain DCY84(T) were identified as branched chain anteiso-C15:0, saturated C16:0 and branched chain anteiso-C17:0. The cell wall sugars of strain DCY84(T) were found to comprise of ribose, galactose and xylose. The major polyamine was identified as spermidine. The DNA G+C content was determined to be 62.6 mol%. After 6 days of incubation, strain DCY84(T) produced 52.96 ± 1.85 and 72.83 ± 2.86 µg/ml L-indole-3-acetic acid, using media without L-tryptophan and supplemented with L-tryptophan, respectively. Strain DCY84(T) was also found to be able to solubilize phosphate and produce siderophores. On the basis of the phenotypic characteristics, genotypic analysis and chemotaxonomic characteristics, strain DCY84(T) is considered to represent a novel species of the genus Paenibacillus, for which the name Paenibacillus yonginensis sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain is DCY84(T) (=KCTC 33428(T) = JCM 19885(T)).

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Aerobiosis
  • Bacterial Typing Techniques
  • Base Composition
  • Carbohydrates / analysis
  • Cluster Analysis
  • DNA, Bacterial / chemistry
  • DNA, Bacterial / genetics
  • DNA, Ribosomal / chemistry
  • DNA, Ribosomal / genetics
  • Diaminopimelic Acid / analysis
  • Fatty Acids / analysis
  • Forests
  • Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
  • Korea
  • Locomotion
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Paenibacillus / classification*
  • Paenibacillus / genetics
  • Paenibacillus / isolation & purification*
  • Paenibacillus / physiology
  • Peptidoglycan / analysis
  • Phospholipids / analysis
  • Phylogeny
  • Polyamines / analysis
  • RNA, Ribosomal, 16S / genetics
  • Sequence Analysis, DNA
  • Sodium Chloride / metabolism
  • Soil Microbiology*
  • Temperature
  • Vitamin K 2 / analysis


  • Carbohydrates
  • DNA, Bacterial
  • DNA, Ribosomal
  • Fatty Acids
  • Peptidoglycan
  • Phospholipids
  • Polyamines
  • RNA, Ribosomal, 16S
  • Vitamin K 2
  • Sodium Chloride
  • Diaminopimelic Acid

Associated data

  • GENBANK/KF915796