Skip to main page content
Access keys NCBI Homepage MyNCBI Homepage Main Content Main Navigation
Review
. 2012 Feb 14;1(1):14-21.
doi: 10.4081/jphr.2012.e5. eCollection 2012 Feb 17.

Label, Nudge or Tax? A Review of Health Policies for Risky Behaviours

Affiliations
Free PMC article
Review

Label, Nudge or Tax? A Review of Health Policies for Risky Behaviours

Matteo M Galizzi. J Public Health Res. .
Free PMC article

Abstract

This work proposes a critical, non systematic, review of the three main lines of health policy interventions to deal with risky behaviours, such as over-eating, smoking, sedentary lives, and excess alcohol drinking, namely: i) the release of information on health risks and consequences; ii) the use of incentives; and iii) direct policy intervention in markets, through regulation and taxation. First, the health and economic impact of the risky behaviours epidemics are briefly described. Then a critical review follows on the evidence existing on the effectiveness of each type of intervention. The review will also highlight the public health approach staying beyond each type of policy on risky behaviours and critically consider them within the context of more general health and social policy interventions.

Keywords: Behavioural health economics; fat tax; incentives in health.

Conflict of interest statement

Conflicts of interest: the author report no potential conflict of interest.

Similar articles

See all similar articles

Cited by 3 articles

References

    1. WHO. Preventing chronic diseases: a vital investment. 2005. Available fromwww.who.int
    1. WHO. Nutrition, physical activity and the prevention of obesity. Policy developments in the WHO European Region, 2007. Available fromwww.who.int
    1. WHO. Global Status Report on Alcohol and Health, 2007. Available from: www.who.int
    1. OECD. Health Data 2010. Available from: www.oecd.org
    1. UK Government’s Foresight Programme Project. The tackling obesities: future choices project 2007. Available from: www.foresight.gov.uk - PubMed
Feedback