Ceramic dental biomaterials and CAD/CAM technology: state of the art

J Prosthodont Res. 2014 Oct;58(4):208-16. doi: 10.1016/j.jpor.2014.07.003. Epub 2014 Sep 22.


Purpose: Ceramics are widely used as indirect restorative materials in dentistry because of their high biocompatibility and pleasing aesthetics. The objective is to review the state of the arts of CAD/CAM all-ceramic biomaterials.

Study selection: CAD/CAM all-ceramic biomaterials are highlighted and a subsequent literature search was conducted for the relevant subjects using PubMed followed by manual search.

Results: Developments in CAD/CAM technology have catalyzed researches in all-ceramic biomaterials and their applications. Feldspathic glass ceramic and glass infiltrated ceramic can be fabricated by traditional laboratory methods or CAD/CAM. The advent of polycrystalline ceramics is a direct result of CAD/CAM technology without which the fabrication would not have been possible.

Conclusions: The clinical uses of these ceramics have met with variable clinical success. Multiple options are now available to the clinicians for the fabrication of aesthetic all ceramic restorations.

Keywords: CAD/CAM; Dental ceramics; Survival rate.

Publication types

  • Review

MeSH terms

  • Aluminum Oxide
  • Aluminum Silicates
  • Biocompatible Materials* / chemistry
  • Ceramics* / chemistry
  • Cerium
  • Computer-Aided Design*
  • Crystallization
  • Dental Impression Technique*
  • Dental Materials* / chemistry
  • Dental Porcelain
  • Dental Prosthesis Design / methods*
  • Dental Restoration, Permanent / methods*
  • Esthetics, Dental*
  • Glass
  • Humans
  • Magnesium
  • Zirconium


  • Aluminum Silicates
  • Biocompatible Materials
  • Ce-TZP-Al2O3
  • Dental Materials
  • lithia disilicate
  • Dental Porcelain
  • leucite
  • Cerium
  • Zirconium
  • Magnesium
  • Aluminum Oxide
  • zirconium oxide
  • mica