Effect of Lactobacillus species on Streptococcus mutans biofilm formation

Pak J Pharm Sci. 2014 Sep;27(5 Spec no):1523-8.


Streptococcus mutans is the primary pathogen responsible for initiating dental caries and decay. The presence of sucrose, stimulates S. mutans to produce insoluble glucans to form oral biofilm also known as dental plaque to initiate caries lesion. The GtfB and LuxS genes of S. mutans are responsible for formation and maturation of biofilm. Lactobacillus species as probiotic can reduces the count of S. mutans. In this study effect of different Lactobacillus species against the formation of S. mutans biofilm was observed. Growing biofilm in the presence of sucrose was detected using 96 well microtiter plate crystal violet assay and biofilm formation by S. mutans in the presence of Lactobacillus was detected. Gene expression of biofilm forming genes (GtfB and LuxS) was quantified through Real-time PCR. All strains of Lactobacillus potently reduced the formation of S. mutans biofilm whereas Lactobacillus acidophilus reduced the genetic expression by 60-80%. Therefore, probiotic Lactobacillus species can be used as an alternative instead of antibiotics to decrease the chance of dental caries by reducing the count of S. mutans and their gene expression to maintain good oral health.

MeSH terms

  • Bacterial Proteins / genetics
  • Bacterial Proteins / metabolism
  • Biofilms / growth & development*
  • Carbon-Sulfur Lyases / genetics
  • Carbon-Sulfur Lyases / metabolism
  • Dental Caries / microbiology
  • Dental Caries / prevention & control*
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Bacterial
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Enzymologic
  • Glycosyltransferases / genetics
  • Glycosyltransferases / metabolism
  • Humans
  • Lactobacillus / classification
  • Lactobacillus / physiology*
  • Probiotics*
  • Streptococcus mutans / genetics
  • Streptococcus mutans / growth & development*
  • Streptococcus mutans / metabolism
  • Sucrose / metabolism


  • Bacterial Proteins
  • Sucrose
  • Glycosyltransferases
  • Carbon-Sulfur Lyases
  • LuxS protein, Bacteria