Use of different spices as potential natural antioxidant additives on cooked beans (Phaseolus vulgaris). Increase of DPPH radical scavenging activity and total phenolic content

Plant Foods Hum Nutr. 2014 Dec;69(4):337-43. doi: 10.1007/s11130-014-0439-4.

Abstract

Herbs and spices, excellent sources of phenolic compounds, can be considered potential antioxidant additives. The use of spices must strike a balance between their potential antioxidant capabilities during preparation and the flavor acceptance, in order to avoid rejection of the food. The aimed of this study is to evaluate the influence of different spices and their concentrations on cooked common beans, focusing its potential as antioxidant additives. Onion, parsley, spring onion, laurel and coriander increased the antioxidant activity of preparation when used at 7.96 g of onion, 1.06 g parsley, 3.43 g spring onion, 0.25 g laurel (dry leaves), and 0.43 g coriander/100 g of cooked beans. Besides, these spices concentrations enhance total phenolics and alter the mixture protein digestibility minimally. For garlic samples it was not possible to establish a concentration that increases the antioxidant activity of cooked beans.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Allium / chemistry
  • Antioxidants / analysis
  • Antioxidants / pharmacology*
  • Biphenyl Compounds / metabolism
  • Cooking
  • Coriandrum / chemistry
  • Diet*
  • Flavonoids / analysis
  • Flavonoids / pharmacology*
  • Humans
  • Laurus / chemistry
  • Petroselinum / chemistry
  • Phaseolus / chemistry*
  • Phenols / analysis
  • Phenols / pharmacology*
  • Picrates / metabolism
  • Plant Extracts / chemistry
  • Plant Extracts / pharmacology
  • Polyphenols / pharmacology*
  • Spices*

Substances

  • Antioxidants
  • Biphenyl Compounds
  • Flavonoids
  • Phenols
  • Picrates
  • Plant Extracts
  • Polyphenols
  • 1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl