Genome dynamics of the human embryonic kidney 293 lineage in response to cell biology manipulations

Nat Commun. 2014 Sep 3;5:4767. doi: 10.1038/ncomms5767.


The HEK293 human cell lineage is widely used in cell biology and biotechnology. Here we use whole-genome resequencing of six 293 cell lines to study the dynamics of this aneuploid genome in response to the manipulations used to generate common 293 cell derivatives, such as transformation and stable clone generation (293T); suspension growth adaptation (293S); and cytotoxic lectin selection (293SG). Remarkably, we observe that copy number alteration detection could identify the genomic region that enabled cell survival under selective conditions (i.c. ricin selection). Furthermore, we present methods to detect human/vector genome breakpoints and a user-friendly visualization tool for the 293 genome data. We also establish that the genome structure composition is in steady state for most of these cell lines when standard cell culturing conditions are used. This resource enables novel and more informed studies with 293 cells, and we will distribute the sequenced cell lines to this effect.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adaptation, Physiological / genetics
  • Base Sequence
  • Cell Proliferation
  • Cell Survival / genetics
  • Clone Cells
  • Cryopreservation*
  • DNA Copy Number Variations*
  • Gene Expression Profiling
  • Genome, Human*
  • Genomic Instability
  • HEK293 Cells
  • High-Throughput Nucleotide Sequencing
  • Humans
  • Karyotype
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Plasmids / chemistry
  • Plasmids / metabolism
  • Transcriptome*
  • Transformation, Genetic