Increased power of resting-state gamma oscillations in autism spectrum disorder detected by routine electroencephalography

Eur Arch Psychiatry Clin Neurosci. 2015 Sep;265(6):537-40. doi: 10.1007/s00406-014-0527-3. Epub 2014 Sep 3.


Experimental studies suggest that increased resting-state power of gamma oscillations is associated with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). To extend the clinical applicability of this finding, we retrospectively investigated routine electroencephalography (EEG) recordings of 19 patients with ASD and 19 age- and gender-matched controls. Relative resting-state condition gamma spectral power was variable, but on average significantly increased in children with ASD. This effect remained when excluding electrodes associated with myogenic gamma activity. These findings further indicate that increased resting-state gamma activity characterizes a subset of ASD and may also be detected by routine EEG as a clinically accessible and well-tolerated investigation.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Autism Spectrum Disorder / physiopathology*
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Electroencephalography / methods*
  • Female
  • Gamma Rhythm / physiology*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Retrospective Studies