Lower eccentric hamstring strength and single leg hop for distance predict hamstring injury in PETE students

Eur J Sport Sci. 2015;15(5):436-42. doi: 10.1080/17461391.2014.955127. Epub 2014 Sep 5.


Hamstring injuries have not been under research in physical education teacher education (PETE) students so far. Within the frame of the development of an injury prevention program, for this study we conducted an analysis of modifiable risk factors for hamstring injuries in PETE students. Hamstring injuries of 102 freshmen bachelor PETE students were registered prospectively during one academic year. Eighty-one students completed maximum muscle strength tests of hip extensors, hamstrings, quadriceps (isometric) and hamstrings (eccentric) at the start of the academic year. Sixty-nine of the latter completed a single leg hop for distance (SLHD). Risk factors for hamstring injuries were statistically detected using logistic regression. Sixteen hamstring injuries (0.16 injuries/student/academic year; 0.46 injuries/1000 h) occurred to 10 participants. Eight cases were included in the risk factor analysis. Lower eccentric hamstring strength (odds ratio (ODD) = 0.977; p = 0.043), higher isometric/eccentric hamstring strength ratio (ODD = 970.500; p = 0.019) and lower score on the SLHD (ODD = 0.884; p = 0.005) were significant risk factors for hamstring injury. A combination of eccentric hamstring strength test and SLHD could give a good risk analysis of hamstring injuries in PETE students. This might offer great perspectives for easily applicable screening in a clinical setting.

Keywords: Sports injuries; functional tasks; hamstring strength; handheld dynamometer; physical education.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Athletic Injuries / physiopathology*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Models, Statistical*
  • Muscle Strength Dynamometer
  • Muscle, Skeletal / physiology*
  • Physical Education and Training / methods*
  • Task Performance and Analysis
  • Thigh / physiology*
  • Young Adult